The treatment of celiac disease is a gluten-free diet. This involves avoidance of foods that contain wheat, rye or barley or their derivatives. A gluten-free diet will result in reversal of the inflammatory villous atrophy in the small intestine causing resolution of symptoms. The second role of the diet is to prevent the development of complications. There is evidence that a strict gluten-free diet reduces the risk of the development of malignancy in adults.